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Your Consent to Blood or Breath Testing is Required After Being Arrested for a DUI in Arizona

Posted by Raymond Kimble | Apr 04, 2019 | 0 Comments

If you have been arrested for a DUI in Arizona, police will request a sample of your blood, breath or urine.  These samples are obtained to determine your alcohol concentration, whether you are operating a motor vehicle with illegal drugs in your system or are impaired by prescription medication.  A refusal to provide a blood, breath or urine sample to police following a DUI arrest could result in severe consequences.  This is known as the Implied Consent Statute and reads as follows:

28-1321. Implied consent; tests; refusal to submit to test; order of suspension; hearing; review; temporary permit; notification of suspension; special ignition interlock restricted driver license

A. A person who operates a motor vehicle in this state gives consent, subject to section 4-244, paragraph 34 or section 28-1381, 28-1382 or 28-1383, to a test or tests of the person's blood, breath, urine or other bodily substance for the purpose of determining alcohol concentration or drug content if the person is arrested for any offense arising out of acts alleged to have been committed in violation of this chapter or section 4-244, paragraph 34 while the person was driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs. The test or tests chosen by the law enforcement agency shall be administered at the direction of a law enforcement officer having reasonable grounds to believe that the person was driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle in this state either:

1. While under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs.

2. If the person is under twenty-one years of age, with spirituous liquor in the person's body.

B. After an arrest a violator shall be requested to submit to and successfully complete any test or tests prescribed by subsection A of this section, and if the violator refuses the violator shall be informed that the violator's license or permit to drive will be suspended or denied for twelve months, or for two years for a second or subsequent refusal within a period of eighty-four months, unless the violator expressly agrees to submit to and successfully completes the test or tests.  A failure to expressly agree to the test or successfully complete the test is deemed a refusal.  The violator shall also be informed that:

1. If the test results show a blood or breath alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more, if the results show a blood or breath alcohol concentration of 0.04 or more and the violator was driving or in actual physical control of a commercial motor vehicle or if the results show there is any drug defined in section 13-3401 or its metabolite in the person's body and the person does not possess a valid prescription for the drug, the violator's license or permit to drive will be suspended or denied for not less than ninety consecutive days.

2. The violator's driving privilege, license, permit, right to apply for a license or permit or nonresident operating privilege may be issued or reinstated following the period of suspension only if the violator completes alcohol or other drug screening.

C. A person who is dead, unconscious or otherwise in a condition rendering the person incapable of refusal is deemed not to have withdrawn the consent provided by subsection A of this section and the test or tests may be administered, subject to section 4-244, paragraph 34 or section 28-1381, 28-1382 or 28-1383.

D. If a person under arrest refuses to submit to the test designated by the law enforcement agency as provided in subsection A of this section:

1. The test shall not be given, except as provided in section 28-1388, subsection E or pursuant to a search warrant.

2. The law enforcement officer directing the administration of the test shall:

(a) File a certified report of the refusal with the department.

(b) On behalf of the department, serve an order of suspension on the person that is effective fifteen days after the date the order is served.

(c) Require the immediate surrender of any license or permit to drive that is issued by this state and that is in the possession or control of the person.  The law enforcement agency may do either of the following to a driver license or permit taken into possession under this subdivision:

(i) In compliance with sections 41-151.15 and 41-151.19, destroy the driver license or permit.

(ii) Forward the driver license or permit to the department within five days after the issuance of the notice of suspension.

(d) If the license or permit is not surrendered, state the reason why it is not surrendered.

(e) If a valid license or permit is surrendered, issue a temporary driving permit that is valid for fifteen days.

(f) Forward the certified report of refusal, a copy of the completed notice of suspension and a copy of any completed temporary permit to the department within five days after the issuance of the notice of suspension.

E. The certified report is subject to the penalty for perjury as prescribed by section 28-1561 and shall state all of the following:

1. The officer's reasonable grounds to believe that the arrested person was driving or in actual physical control of a motor vehicle in this state either:

(a) While under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs.

(b) If the person is under twenty-one years of age, with spirituous liquor in the person's body.

2. The manner in which the person refused to submit to the test or tests.

3. That the person was advised of the consequences of refusal.

Your Consent is Still Required

Arizona Courts have determined that drawing a person's blood or requiring them to blow into a machine to capture a breath sample is a search which must be in compliance with the 4th Amendment to the United States Constitution.  The 4th Amendment provides:

"The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched and the persons or things to be seized."

One exception to the 4th Amendment warrant requirement occurs when a person consents to a search or seizure by the police.  However, the consent must be voluntary and cannot be the product of any duress, promise or coercion. 

The Implied Consent Admonitions used by police officers in Arizona initially contained language which stated "Arizona Law requires you to provide a sample of your blood, breath or other bodily substance for the purpose of determining your alcohol concentration or drug content" after being arrested for a DUI offense. However, in spite of the Implied Consent Statute, courts have determined that a DUI suspect must voluntarily provide a sample of his blood, breath or urine.  This requires an examination of the language used by police when instructing a suspect concerning their responsibilities as well as analysis of all surrounding circumstances such as the person's age, presence of coercion, warnings issued by police threats of detention, etc.  If a person's consent to testing is shown to be involuntary, the results of any breath, blood or urine tests may be suppressed.  Merely advising a person that they may lose their driver's license for one year if they fail to provide a breath or blood sample will not by itself render their consent involuntary.

 

if you, a family member or loved one has been charged with DUI or any other criminal offense in Arizona you are well advised to immediately contact an experienced DUI or criminal defense lawyer who regularly represents people charged with these types of offenses.  Attorney Raymond Kimble has represented people charged with DUI and other crimes in  Tempe, Mesa, Chandler Phoenix, Scottsdale and other cities throughout Maricopa and Pinal Counties during the last twenty years and has achieved tremendous results for his clients. 

Ray Kimble can be reached directly for a free consultation at (480) 833-8613 or by visiting his website www.raykimblelaw.com  

  

About the Author

Raymond Kimble

About Raymond Kimble Attorney Raymond Kimble has built his law practice on the philosophy that each client deserves consistent individual attention. Ray realizes that being charged with a DUI or criminal offense is one of the most stressful events in a person's life. A DUI, felony or misdemeanor arrest can involve prison or jail time, probation, huge fines and a criminal record. Consequently, people who face DUI, felony or misdemeanor charges in Arizona are placed at risk of losing employment or being barred from future job opportunities. Ray works to lessen his client's anxiety by ensuring that they have direct access to him at all times and can reach him by e-mail, cell phone or text during normal business hours as well as nights or weekends if they have a pressing question or concern. Raymond Kimble is a dedicated DUI and criminal defense lawyer who has built a reputation of working tirelessly to protect his client's constitutional rights, their future and liberty. Ray strives to provide the strongest defense possible for each client despite the obstacles they may face. Put Experience to Work for You Raymond Kimble's twenty years of experience with respect to DUI, misdemeanor and felony criminal charges extends well beyond law school where he graduated within the top ten percent of his class. Ray was a police officer for ten years prior to becoming an attorney. As a police officer, Ray was trained in both DUI and criminal investigation and his personal involvement in criminal cases while a police officer certainly gives him a unique perspective when reviewing police reports, interviewing witnesses and challenging physical evidence. Ray often identifies legal issues or mistakes made by police during an investigation through his own personal experience as a patrol officer. In addition to his police experience, Raymond Kimble worked as a prosecutor with the Maricopa County Attorney's Office where he was responsible for prosecuting DUI, felony and misdemeanor crimes. During his tenure as a prosecutor, Ray conducted a number of jury trials and hearings related to the admissibility of evidence. Through his involvement with these cases as a prosecutor, Ray learned how to properly evaluate the strength and weaknesses of a DUI, misdemeanor or felony charge and became skilled in jury selection, argument, and the direct and cross examination of both civilian witnesses, experts and police officers. Of course, Raymond Kimble's expertise extends beyond his experience as a police officer and prosecutor. Specifically, Ray has successfully represented thousands of people during the last fifteen years throughout Maricopa County, Arizona. To best serve his Clients, Raymond remains current on changes in the law as well as police tactics by regularly attending seminars focused on defending criminal charges and reading the latest articles and books related to DUI and criminal defense. Ray also regularly writes criminal defense blogs and posts so that people faced with a criminal charge are better informed about their rights.

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For a Free Consultation please call (480) 833-8613 or complete the form in the sidebar. Mr. Kimble can be reached 24/7 and is available for appointments during the evening and on weekends as well.

About Raymond Kimble

Raymond A. Kimble is a former police officer and felony prosecutor who has twenty years experience defending people accused of DUI and other criminal offenses throughout Arizona. Mr. Kimble represents clients seeking experienced and aggressive representation to help them fight the charges they face. For more information, contact The Law Office of Raymond A. Kimble today.