When Do Police Have to Read You Your Rights

Posted by Raymond Kimble | May 18, 2018 | 0 Comments

On many occasions, clients will complain that police didn't advise them of their rights and believe that this should lead to a dismissal of the case against them.  The United States Supreme Court ruled along time ago  in Miranda vs. Arizona ago that before a person is questioned by police they must be advised that:

  • They have a right to speak with an attorney
  • Anything they say may be used against them in court
  • If they cannot afford any attorney, one will be appointed to represent them prior to questioning

These warnings have become popularly known as your Miranda rights and people must be advised of them whether they are being investigated for any misdemeanor offense such as assault, any criminal traffic offense such as DUI or any serious felony charge such as aggravated assault or murder.

When Must Police Advise You of Your Rights  

You should be aware that police are required to advise you of your Miranda warnings in very limited circumstances.  Basically, for Miranda warnings to be required, you must first be "in custody" and then be subject to "interrogation" by law enforcement.  Custody has been defined by the courts as a situation where a person's freedom of movement has been restricted by police and they are under a belief that they are not free to leave.  This most often occurs when a person has been handcuffed, placed in a police car or taken to a police station and detained there.  Courts have generally stated that custody for Miranda purposes does not occur when someone is the subject of roadside questioning by police during a simple traffic stop, when they are being interviewed in the comfort of their home or workplace or when police ask them questions over the telephone.  Additionally, if police ask you to voluntarily come to a police station and advise you that you can leave at any time, courts will declare that you were not in custody. Remember, your freedom of movement must be limited and you must reasonably believe that you are unable to leave.

The second issue as to whether Miranda warnings are required is whether you are being interrogated.  Interrogation has been defined as questioning by law enforcement that is intended to elicit an incriminating response.  To put it simply, introductory questions such as your name, address, birthdate, education level, etc. are not considered interrogation because there is essentially nothing incriminating that can come out of your answers.  However, if you are in custody and police begin to ask you about your alleged involvement in a crime such as whether you had a weapon, what you did during an incident, whether you possessed drugs, etc you must first be advised of your rights.

What Happens If Your Miranda Rights Are Violated

If police violate your Miranda rights and a prosecutor tries to use any statements you made against you in court, your lawyer must file a Motion to Suppress in order to have the statements thrown out.  Be aware however, even if a court rules in your favor and finds that your Miranda rights have been violated, you can still be prosecuted for the charges.  This is because a prosecutor can use other evidence that remains such as witnesses who observed the crime, physical evidence such as recovered property, weapons, drugs, fingerprints and DNA or any other information that points to your guilt.  Also, even though the prosecutor cannot use your statements in their own case, they can use any answers you gave police despite the Miranda violations to attack your credibility if you testify at trial.  This means statements made by you in violation of your Miranda rights can be used during the prosecutor's cross examination to  impeach your testimony at trial.   

Call (480) 833-8613 for a Free Consultation

If you have been charged with a felony, misdemeanor or DUI offense in Tempe, Phoenix, or any other city within Maricopa or Pinal County,  it is vital that you contact a highly skilled criminal lawyer immediately. Tempe DUI and Criminal Defense lawyer Raymond Kimble will recognize available defenses and has been defending people charged with these crimes for many years. Mr. Kimble knows how to prepare a solid defense, challenge the prosecution's evidence and negotiate a reduction or dismissal of the charges

With a seasoned Tempe criminal defense attorney on your case, you will have your rights protected as your attorney fights to secure a favorable outcome on your behalf. Attorney Raymond Kimble has successfully represented hundreds of individuals throughout Arizona over the last twenty years who have been arrested for and charged with criminal and DUI offenses

About the Author

Raymond Kimble

About Raymond Kimble Attorney Raymond Kimble has built his law practice on the philosophy that each client deserves consistent individual attention. Ray realizes that being charged with a DUI or criminal offense is one of the most stressful events in a person's life. A DUI, felony or misdemeanor arrest can involve prison or jail time, probation, huge fines and a criminal record. Consequently, people who face DUI, felony or misdemeanor charges in Arizona are placed at risk of losing employment or being barred from future job opportunities. Ray works to lessen his client's anxiety by ensuring that they have direct access to him at all times and can reach him by e-mail, cell phone or text during normal business hours as well as nights or weekends if they have a pressing question or concern. Raymond Kimble is a dedicated DUI and criminal defense lawyer who has built a reputation of working tirelessly to protect his client's constitutional rights, their future and liberty. Ray strives to provide the strongest defense possible for each client despite the obstacles they may face. Put Experience to Work for You Raymond Kimble's twenty years of experience with respect to DUI, misdemeanor and felony criminal charges extends well beyond law school where he graduated within the top ten percent of his class. Ray was a police officer for ten years prior to becoming an attorney. As a police officer, Ray was trained in both DUI and criminal investigation and his personal involvement in criminal cases while a police officer certainly gives him a unique perspective when reviewing police reports, interviewing witnesses and challenging physical evidence. Ray often identifies legal issues or mistakes made by police during an investigation through his own personal experience as a patrol officer. In addition to his police experience, Raymond Kimble worked as a prosecutor with the Maricopa County Attorney's Office where he was responsible for prosecuting DUI, felony and misdemeanor crimes. During his tenure as a prosecutor, Ray conducted a number of jury trials and hearings related to the admissibility of evidence. Through his involvement with these cases as a prosecutor, Ray learned how to properly evaluate the strength and weaknesses of a DUI, misdemeanor or felony charge and became skilled in jury selection, argument, and the direct and cross examination of both civilian witnesses, experts and police officers. Of course, Raymond Kimble's expertise extends beyond his experience as a police officer and prosecutor. Specifically, Ray has successfully represented thousands of people during the last fifteen years throughout Maricopa County, Arizona. To best serve his Clients, Raymond remains current on changes in the law as well as police tactics by regularly attending seminars focused on defending criminal charges and reading the latest articles and books related to DUI and criminal defense. Ray also regularly writes criminal defense blogs and posts so that people faced with a criminal charge are better informed about their rights.


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